Tsavo National Park was established on 1st April, 1948 with an area of 21,812 Km2 and divided into East and West sections for administrative purposes. The two Parks are divided by the Nairobi–Mombasa railway /road. The sight of dust-red elephants wallowing, rolling, and spraying each other with the midnight blue waters of the palm-shaded Galana River is one of the most evocative images in Africa. This, along with the 300 kilometers long Yatta Plateau, the longest lava flow in the world, make for an adventure unlike any other.
The park forms the largest protected area in Kenya and is home to most of the larger mammals, vast herds of dust –red elephant, Rhino, buffalo, lion, leopard, pods of hippo, crocodile, waterbucks, Kudus and the prolific birdlife features 500 recorded species.
Much of the Tsavo Park is level, open grassland, with scattered rocky outcrops. The vegetation is generally denser in the west where rainfall is around 450 mm per year than drier East, which may receive only around 250mm. The southern sector consists of open grassy plains. The permanent Tsavo River runs through the northern part of the Park.
The Park has a host of activities for you to explore.
But a must-see is the Mudanda Rock, which is a 1.6 km inselberg of stratified rock that acts as a water catchment that supplies a natural dam below. It offers an excellent vantage point for the hundreds of elephants and other wildlife that come to drink during the dry season.
And another must-see it’s the Lugard Falls, which is a series of white water rapids on the Galana River.